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24 February, 04:33

On January 1, Year 1, Hanover Corporation issued bonds with a $57,750 face value, a stated rate of interest of 8%, and a 5-year term to maturity. The bonds were issued at 97. Hanover uses the straight-line method to amortize bond discounts and premiums. Interest is payable in cash on December 31 each year. The journal entry used to record the issuance of the bond and the receipt of cash would be:

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  1. 24 February, 05:45
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    January 1, Year 1 Cash $56017.5 Dr

    Discount on Bonds Payable $1732.5 Dr

    Bonds Payable $57750 Cr

    Explanation:

    The value of bonds which are issued at par is denoted by 100. If the bonds are issued at anything above 100 denomination, this means that the bonds are issued at a premium and if the denoted figure is less than 100, like in this question it is 97, the bonds are issued at a discount.

    The cash received on the issuance of this bond will be 97% of the face value of the bond and the 3% will be the discount on the issuance of these bonds.

    Thus, the cash received is = 57750 * 97% = $56017.5

    The discount on Bonds Payable = 57750 - 56017.5 = $1732.5
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