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15 April, 16:26

Big Time Widgets has the following inventory dа ta: December 1 Beginning inventory of 15 units at $6.00 per unit December 7 Purchased 50 units at $6.60 per unit December 12 Sold 45 units December 20 Purchased 30 units at $7.50 per unit December 29 Sold 15 units Assuming that a perpetual inventory system is used, what is the cost of goods sold on a LIFO basis for December? What if a periodic inventory system had been used instead of perpetual?

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  1. 15 April, 17:21
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    Cost of goods sold on a LIFO basis for December = $409.50

    If periodic inventory system is followed then, there is no proper weekly record, proper record is missing and therefore, average method is followed, in that case usage of LIFO or FIFO is not suggested.

    Explanation:

    As per LIFO method, we have Last In First Out which means the item which is last added in inventory will be sold first.

    In the given instance we have things as following:

    1 December opening 15 units $6.00 per unit $90.00

    7 December purchased 50 units $6.60 per unit $330.00

    12 December Sales 45 units $6.60 per unit $297.00

    Balance after sales

    15 units @ $6.00 per unit = $90.00

    5 units @ $6.60 per unit = $33.00

    20 December Purchased 30 units $7.50 per unit $225

    29 December Sales 15 units $7.50 per unit $112.5

    Balance

    15 units @ $6.00 per unit = $90.00

    5 units @ $6.60 per unit = $33.00

    15 units @ $7.50 per unit = $112.50

    As stated above, under LIFO we have Last In First Out

    Cost of goods sold

    12 December Sales 45 units $6.60 per unit $297.00

    29 December Sales 15 units $7.50 per unit $112.5

    Total cost of goods sold in December = $297 + $112.5 = $409.5

    In case periodic inventory system had been used then,

    no proper record is maintained, for cost at which the goods are acquired, and therefore average method is followed, since no proper cost record is maintained.

    Final Answer

    Cost of goods sold on a LIFO basis for December = $409.50

    If periodic inventory system is followed then, there is no proper weekly record, proper record is missing and therefore, average method is followed, in that case usage of LIFO or FIFO is not suggested.
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