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28 August, 23:35

A 500 mg of oxalic acid (H2C2O4) dissolved in water and titrated with 17.98ml of 0.0600M potassium hydroxide solution. What is the approximate number of mmol of oxalic acid?

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  1. 29 August, 00:39
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    The question hasnt clearly mentioned whether to find the number of mmol of oxalic acid before the titration or after the titration so lets find out both

    balanced equation for the reaction is

    H₂C₂O₄ + 2KOH - --> K₂C₂O₄ + 2H₂O

    number of mmol of H₂C₂O₄ initially - 500 mg / 90 g/mol = 5.55 mmol

    molar ratio of H₂C₂O₄ to KOH is 1:2

    number of KOH moles added - 0.0600 M x 17.98 x 10⁻³ dm³ = 1.08 mmol

    since KOH is the limiting reactant and H₂C₂O₄ is in excess,

    2 mol of KOH reacts with 1 mol of H₂C₂O₄

    therefore 1.08 mmol reacts with - 1/2 x 1.08 = 0.54 mmol of H₂C₂O₄

    initially 5.55 mmol of H₂C₂O₄ is present but 0.54 mmol of H₂C₂O₄ reacts with KOH, remaining H₂C₂O₄ moles are 5.55 - 0.54 = 5.01 mmol of H₂C₂O₄

    before the titration

    number of H₂C₂O₄ moles - 5.55 mmol

    after KOH is added

    number of H₂C₂O₄ moles - 5.01 mmol
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