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23 January, 13:46

On ITV's Homework Hotline, it's time for "Rudolf's Rules." If you guess what rule Rudolf is using you get a prize. Someone puts golf balls into a miniature-golf display called Rudolf, then Rudolf sends back a certain number of golf balls. Today Rudolf gets 8 balls and sends back 6. Next Rudolf gets 15 and sends back 27. When he gets 25, 57 are returned. If n represents the number of balls initially given to Rudolf, write an expression to represent how many balls he sent back.

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  1. 23 January, 15:05
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    y = 3x - 18 (where y = balls sent back by Rudolf; x = balls given to Rudolf)

    Step-by-step explanation:

    x (Balls given) y (Balls sent back)

    8 6 Δy/Δx = (27-6) / (15-8) = 3

    15 27

    25 57 Δy/Δx = (57-27) / (25-15) = 3

    Observing the number sequence shows constant gradient and as such we can use equation of a straight line to relate the two variables.

    Using the equation of a straight line we have:

    (y-y1) / (x-x1) = (y2-y1) / (x2-x1)

    y-6/x-8 = (27-6) / (15-8)

    y-6/x-8 = 3

    y-6 = 3 (x-8)

    y-6 = 3x - 24

    y = 3x-18
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