6 July, 20:37

# Your companion on a train ride through Illinois notices that telephone poles near the tracks appear to be passing by very quickly, while telephone poles in the distance are passing by much more slowly. This is an example of

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1. 6 July, 21:25
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Explanation: If two objects are moving either towards or away from each other with both having their velocities in a reference frame and someone is outside this reference frame seeing the motion of the two objects.

The observer (in his own frame of reference) will measure a different velocity as opposed to the velocities of the two object in their own reference frame. p

Both the velocity measured by the observer in his own reference frame and the velocity of both object in their reference is correct.

Velocities of this nature that have varying values based on motion referenced to another body is known as relative velocity.

Motion of this nature is known as relative motion.

Note that the word reference frame is simply any where the motion is occurring and the specified laws of motion is valid

For this example of ours, the reference frame of the companion is the train and the telephone poles has their reference frame as the earth.

The companion will measure the velocity of the telephone poles relative to him and the velocity of the telephone pole relative to an observer outside the train will be of a different value.