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30 March, 18:47

Look at the diagram below.

The yellow oval represents a cell with a semi-permeable membrane. The small, black dots represent molecules of water, and the larger, blue dots represent a solute such as sugar or salt. The membrane allows small molecules such as water to pass through, but it does not allow larger molecules such as solute to pass.

What will happen to the substances in this diagram to bring the concentrations closer to equilibrium

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  1. 30 March, 19:26
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    In order to reach equilibrium, water will move outside the cell to reach equilibrium. A cell tends to lose or gain water in order to reach equilibrium.

    If there are more number of solutes outside the cell, then the water will move out of the cell in order to maintain equilibrium. On the other hand, if there are more number of solutes inside the cell then the water will move inside the cell to maintain equilibrium.
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