14 April, 19:08

# A (n) 11.0 %, 25-year bond has a par value of \$1,000 and a call price of \$1 comma 025. (The bond's first call date is in 5 years.) Coupon payments are made semiannually (so use semiannual compounding where appropriate). a. Find the current yield, YTM, and YTC on this issue, given that it is currently being priced in the market at \$ 1 comma 150. Which of these 3 yields is the highest? Which is the lowest? Which yield would you use to value this bond? Explain. b. Repeat the 3 calculations above, given that the bond is being priced at \$800. Now which yield is the highest? Which is the lowest? Which yield would you use to value this bond? Explain.

+3
Answers (1)
1. 14 April, 20:16
0
the formula to calculate yield to maturity (YTM) is:

YTM = [C + (F - P) / n] / [ (F + P) / 2]

F = face value P = market price n = number of years x 2 = C = coupon

the formula to calculate yield to call (YTC) is:

YTC = [C + (F - CP) / n] / [ (F + CP) / 2]

F = face value CP = call price n = number of years x 2 = C = coupon

the formula to calculate current yield is:

Current yield = C / P

C = coupon P = market price

A)

25 year bond, \$1,000 face value, semiannual coupons, 11%, call price \$1,025, market price \$1,150:

YTM = [C + (F - P) / n] / [ (F + P) / 2]

F = 1,000 P = 1,150 n = number of years x 2 = 25 x 2 = 50 C = 55

YTM = [55 + (1,000 - 1,150) / 50] / [ (1,000 + 1,150) / 2] = [55 - 3] / 1,075 = 0.04837 or 4.84%

YTC = [C + (F - CP) / n] / [ (F + CP) / 2]

F = 1,000 CP = 1,025 n = number of years x 2 = 5 x 2 = 10 C = 55

YTC = [55 + (1,000 - 1,025) / 10] / [ (1,000 + 1,025) / 2] = [55 - 2.50] / [1,012.50] = 0.05185 or 5.19%

Current yield = C / P

C = 55 P = 1,150

Current yield = 55 / 1,150 = 0.0478 or 4.78%

The highest value is the Yield to Call (5.19%) while the lowest value is the current yield (4.78%). Since the bonds were sold at a premium, the coupon rate is higher than the market rate, therefore, it is likely that the company will actually call them. So we should use the yield to call value.

B)

25 year bond, \$1,000 face value, semiannual coupons, 11%, call price \$1,025, market price \$800:

YTM = [C + (F - P) / n] / [ (F + P) / 2]

F = 1,000 P = 800 n = number of years x 2 = 25 x 2 = 50 C = 55

YTM = [55 + (1,000 - 800) / 50] / [ (1,000 + 800) / 2] = [55 + 4] / 900 = 0.06555 or 6.56%

YTC = [C + (F - CP) / n] / [ (F + CP) / 2]

F = 1,000 CP = 1,025 n = number of years x 2 = 5 x 2 = 10 C = 55

YTC = [55 + (1,000 - 1,025) / 10] / [ (1,000 + 1,025) / 2] = [55 - 2.50] / [1,012.50] = 0.05185 or 5.19%

Current yield = C / P

C = 55 P = 800

Current yield = 55 / 800 = 0.06875 or 6.88%

The highest value is the current yield (6.88%) while the lowest value is the Yield to Call (5.19%). Since the bonds were sold at a discount, the coupon rate is lower than the market rate, therefore, it is not likely that the company will actually call them. So we should use the yield to maturity value.
Know the Answer?
Not Sure About the Answer?
Get an answer to your question ✅ “A (n) 11.0 %, 25-year bond has a par value of \$1,000 and a call price of \$1 comma 025. (The bond's first call date is in 5 years.) Coupon ...” in 📙 Business if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions.