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5 July, 02:59

The electric force on object A by object B is F. If the charge of object B were only half as large as it is, but everything else was kept the same, what would be the new electric force on object B by object A?

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  1. 5 July, 04:35
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    The new electric force on object B by object A is one half of the magnitude of the original force F, in the opposite direction. Equals - F/2

    Explanation:

    We are asked to demonstrate what happens when you reduce the magnitude of the charge of an object in an interactive system.

    Assumptions.

    The new force is F'

    The system is isolated from other external interferences

    The distance between objects A and B remains unchanged

    Analysis.

    The force F on object A by object B is given by the formula

    F = (k*q, a*q, b) / d^2

    where k is the Coulomb's Law constant, and equals 9x10^9 N/m s

    q, a and q, b equals the original charges of objects A and B

    d is the distance between objects A and B

    Now, we are to calculate the new force, let's call it F', and following the same reasoning.

    F' = (k*q', a*q', b) / d'^2

    Given that only q', b is different to the original, we have that

    F' = (k*q, a*q', b) / d^2

    Now, q', b=q, b/2 and replacing

    F' = (k*q, a*q, b) / (2*d^2)

    Now we find the relation between F' and F

    F'/F=[ (k*q, a*q, b) / (2*d^2) ]/[ (k*q, a*q, b) / d^2]

    Reducing similar terms

    F'/F=1/2

    However, we should also consider that the forces F and F' are in oposite directions, so simplifying the vectorial notation,

    F'/F=-1/2, meaning that F'=-F/2
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